Process Safety Leading And Lagging Metrics

The report provides guidance on identifying leading and lagging process-safety KPIs for the upstream oil and gas industry. • Incident rates are flat -lining in many organizations • Serious Process Safety events, fatalities and injuries persist. PROCESS SAFETY CODE OF MANAGEMENT PRACTICES Purpose and Scope The American Chemistry Council’s (ACC) Responsible Care companies are committed to the safe operation of their chemical processes. process safety performance indicators (PSPIs) how to select and use effective leading and lagging PSPIs using the HSE six-stage approach; the benefits of planning and preparation for PSM audits the different PSM audit types, protocols and techniques that can be employed how to improve your PSM auditing skills. CCPS - Process Safety Leading and Lagging Metrics IAOGP - Process Safety, Recommended Practice on Key Performance Indicators OECD - Guidance on Developing Safety Performance Indicators (2008), 2 versions Industry Public Authorities / Communities Energy Institute - Human factors performance indicators for the energy and related process industries. By understanding the IRS and the difference between Leading & Lagging indicators we can see how they can relate. If measured and monitored, data collected for leading metrics can provide early indication of deterioration in the effectiveness of key safety systems, and allow for remedial action to restore the effectiveness of the system before any incidents take place. 7 Process safety performance indicators are also being developed for emergency preparedness8 and for the off-shore industry. Senior Process Safety Engineer Fatima Fertilizer Company October 2012 – Present 6 years 9 months. 456 IOGP Published Lagging and leading indicators KPI to strengthen risk control (barries) in order to prevent major incidents and also this articels describe how managing major incident risks and the practical implementation of a KPI System. Keywords: Occupational health and safety management system, balanced scorecard, leading and lagging indicator, cccupational risks and regulatory compliance management. To deliver an integrated process safety and asset integrity management system, and specifically to establish a comprehensive set of leading and lagging process safety performance indicators, ScottishPower followed the UK HSE Guidance on establishing process safety performance indicators (HSG 254). This Industry-wide Process Safety Metrics Reporting application is intended to provide an opportunity to collect and report the three. AssetWise provided a robust and automated source of data required to derive leading KPIs each day. Lagging indicators measure the outcomes of what already happened. As a framework for measuring activity, status or performance, this document classifies process safety indicators into four tiers of leading and lagging indicators. RESEARCH REPORT: HUMAN FACTORS PERFORMANCE INDICATORS FOR THE ENERGY AND RELATED PROCESS INDUSTRIES v FOREWORD The measurement of safety performance using retrospective (lagging) indicators such as incident.



For additional guidance on developing process safety metrics, please refer to: • ANSI/API RP 754, Process Safety Performance Indicators for the Refining and Petrochemical Industries, Second Edition. • Leading metrics. The objective of measuring both sets of indicators is to assess safety performance, and determine what needs to be done to improve the safety culture of a company. , -Process Safety Total Incident Rate -Process Safety Incident Severity Rate • Metrics subject to debate, difficult to measure • Both leading and lagging indicators. Process Implementing a comprehensive operating management system Hazard identification and risk assessment Learning from incidents!Performance Leading and lagging performance safety indicators Assessing “barrier” strengths and weaknesses. … BP's reliance on lagging, after-the-fact indicators of process safety performance rather than leading, predictive measures … impaired BP's ability to measure, monitor and. Process Safety Indicators (PSI) Leading PSIs Process Safety Indicators (PSI) Lagging PSIs. What is meant by the term "Process Safety" Read More. incidents is classified as process safety incident, process safety event or near miss. You can use a simple Excel spreadsheet to track these numbers each week against your goal. The best way to properly evaluate your performance based safety program is through a Process Safety Performance Indicators Audit. 2 – Lagging and Leading Indicators. Health, safety and environment Health, safety and environment 1 Safety1 Process safety 2 Emissions 2 Water3. supervisors, and safety and health staff • Leading indicators and proactive measures that will ensure continuous improvement of the site’s safety program have been identified. Leading KPIs are used to predict changes or trends, as well as forward looking and help to manage the performance of a system or process. xvi GUIDELINES FOR PROCESS SAFETY METRICS Knowledge (or Process Safety Knowledge) Lagging Metric Leading Metric Life Cycle Management of Change (MOC) Management System Mechanical Integrity Near-Miss hide OSHA Process Safety Management (OSHA PSM) Procedures Knowledge is related to information, which is often. TRISH KERIN is director of the IChemE Safety Centre, Melbourne, Australia. (2011) and a first international conference on process safety performance indicators was held in Brussels (Cefic and EPSC, 2012).



If this article has peaked your interest, then watch out for a webinar on the use of leading and lagging indicators to help improve process safety. 3 For organization performance issues, metrics can indicate what an organization is accomplishing as. It became effective September 2016. There was nothing new about the concept of leading and lagging indicators. Develop Key Performance Indicators (both leading and lagging indicators) in connection with Global EHS department. Assign score of 1, 3, 9, or 27 points in each category per following slide. The Process Safety Policy is to emphasise PCS top management leadership and visibility with clear process safety management system and improvement plan. Occupational & Safety Health Act (OSHA) Process Safety Management (PSM) Standard, 29 CFR1910. Process Safety Culture Many of the current approaches to risk management are now quite mature so increasing attention is being paid to the topics of culture and employee participation. This can be accomplished through looking for a combination of lagging indicators (e. By addressing and implementing leading indicators the aim is to re-duce the number of near miss and process safety events. Lagging indicators are mainly. However, it is still a lagging action from the perspective that the action follows past events. Elsewhere, Shubhraj highlighted the issue of not confusing personal safety with process safety and called for more attention to be focused on leading rather than lagging indicators and Malavazos outlined a regulator's perspective of the key elements of preventing and reducing the impact of Major Accident Events (MAE's). Leading metrics, on the other hand, measure how well work processing and safety measures are working.



Example of Advanced Safety Metrics and Methods in the Air Navigation Sector. Lagging metrics take process safety incidents as the numerator and divide it by different process-related denominators. Lagging indicators are measured after sales have taken place, and the information is systemically analyzed. If measured and monitored, data collected for leading metrics can provide early indication of deterioration in the effectiveness of key safety systems, and allow for remedial action to restore the effectiveness of the system before any incidents take place. Ability to Take Action. Process Safety Management System Philosophy is to visualise Swiss Cheese Model Further Guidance Not All Indicators are of Equal Importance Operational Control Indicators Lagging Indicators Generic Lagging Indicators Programme Indicators Lagging Indicators Leading Indicators •Active Monitoring and Logging: •Breaches Of Plant Limiting. Therefore, to continuously improve upon process safety performance, it is essential that companies in the chemical and petroleum. "Process Safety Leading and Lagging Metrics," Center for Chemical Process Safety, New York City (2007). Leading Indicators: Process or Input Indicators Activity Indicator Critical Process Safety Risk Control System Dual Assurance - leading and lagging indicators measuring performance of each critical element of a Process Safety Management System. especially when some lagging indicators also may be leading indicators. Leading Indicators: Process or Input Indicators Activity Indicator Critical Process Safety Risk Control System Dual Assurance - leading and lagging indicators measuring performance of each critical element of a Process Safety Management System. The lagging metric connects the team’s work to the larger system and provides feedback regarding the success of improvement efforts; Develop leading metrics: The leading metrics are the predictors of the lagging metrics in that they help to identify what is happening now that will eventually affect the lagging metrics. supervisors, and safety and health staff • Leading indicators and proactive measures that will ensure continuous improvement of the site’s safety program have been identified. Leading vs. Jim describes the concept of leading indicators and explains Hienrich's triangle, or the safety triangle, to show the importance of tracking near misses instead of just tracking lagging indicators and reacting after things go wrong. To continuously improve upon process safety performance, it is essential that companies in the chemical and petroleum industries implement effective leading and lagging process safety metrics.



Process Safety Leading and Lagging Metrics You Don't Improve What You Don't Measure Introduction An essential element of any improvement program is the measure of existing and future performance. Leading, lagging, or lost? How to Find the Right KPIs for Your Sales Team | Geckoboard. In environment, health, and safety (EHS), a metric is the measurable performance of an EHS activity or program within an organization. Organization; Process Safety Career Development and Education; Engineering for Resilience; Case Studies – Histories, Lessons Learned, Databases; Inherently Safer Processes – New Processes, Existing Plants, Man – Machine Interface. o Process Safety Events recorded when Loss Of Primary Containment (LOPCs) meet or exceed defined criteria (based on API RP754 ANSI standard) • Tier 3 and 4 KPIs primarily for facility-level reporting o Based on 6 step process to identify critical barriers and assign leading and lagging KPIs to assess barrier strength / weakness (based on UK HSE. This resulted in choosing 5 RCS and 10 indicators. In general, leading indicators can be thought of as drivers, and lagging indicators can be thought of as outcomes. “We also make use of the CCPS methodology for classifying the severity of Tier 1 process safety lagging events. measuring process safety performance lies in determining whether the system is delivering its intended safety outcome and then seeking information to confirm this or show that something other than the intended outcome was occurring. Another aim of the project was to identify leading metrics that would monitor management systems or other early indicators of necessary actions that had to be taken to avoid process safety incidents, especially catastrophic incidents such as those at Union Carbide in. The KPIs reported to the Board on a monthly basis are: Total Recordable Injury Rate (TRIR) Process safety events (Tier 1 and Tier 2 Loss of Primary Containment 11 (LOPC)). Developing tools to help with process safety observations and efficient recording of data. They can be considered as measures of process or inputs essential to deliver the desired safety outcome. This post should provide some clarity to the differences. Leading and lagging indicators seem to create confusion for some people, yet with a clear understanding, it is easy to see explain how they work and help people think productively about how to create and use them. Useful reading The American Institute for Chemical Engineers, Centre for Chemical Process Safety Process Safety Leading and Lagging MetricsYou don't improve what you don't measure, Centre for Chemical Process Safety, 2007 (see Appendix 1 or Click here). • Human and organizational factors in safety cases. Process Safety -leading indicators Process Safety Metrics – API RP 754 Clear , consistent guidance and metrics • Lagging: • Outcome orientated and.



While I do not dismiss the importance of the metrics, the problem is that unless the metrics are understood by the board or whoever is interpreting risk through the usage of these metrics, it will just be another non financial number. In recent decades, leading indicators have become the primary types of safety indicators. xvi GUIDELINES FOR PROCESS SAFETY METRICS Knowledge (or Process Safety Knowledge) Lagging Metric Leading Metric Life Cycle Management of Change (MOC) Management System Mechanical Integrity Near-Miss hide OSHA Process Safety Management (OSHA PSM) Procedures Knowledge is related to information, which is often. GUIDANCE NOTES ON SAFETY CULTURE AND LEADING INDICATORS OF SAFETY. Lahore, Pakistan-Development and analysis of process (Leading and lagging indicators) and ensure their compliance. mostly composed of lagging indicators based on accidents’ rates and historical data, as requested by authorities. This topic discusses types of EHS metrics, measurement methods, and other issues relating to determining the efficacy and business value of EHS initiatives. The Process Safety Policy is to emphasise PCS top management leadership and visibility with clear process safety management system and improvement plan. relates employee and organizational behavior and attitudes towards process safety incidents or leading-lagging indicators. Let me illustrate this with a simple example: For many of us a personal goal is weight loss. Process Safety Indicators (PSI) Leading PSIs Process Safety Indicators (PSI) Lagging PSIs. RP-754 is broadly used in the refining and petrochemical sector and in the Americas region to track process safety performance. Most lagging indicators are common and understood, such as first aid cases, restricted work cases and medical treatment, to the more serious Lost Time Injuries, leaks or explosions. ” • Safety Science – Special issue (2009) Process safety indicators (≈10 papers) – Safety Science (2010) • Vinnem, JE. • Focus on infrequent, lagging indicators • Need for leading indicators to proactively measure safety system performance before an incident occurs • API SEMP RP 75 addresses offshore performance measures in an optional appendix that focus on personal safety or infrequent lagging events 38. An indicator, can be described as any set of statistical values revealing the status of an economy's health if they are combined. REFERENCES 1. 3 Near-miss events - a KPI gift!. Those signs are leading indicators.



Safety-conscious companies have begun to adopt leading indicators that, if used correctly, will show how effective their safety process truly is. Safety News about construction, emergency planning and response, equipment and process safety, hazardous substances and materials, health, personnel safety, safety administration, transportation. A lagging indicator is anything that has already happened. A process-based and forward-looking set of metrics which indicate the performance of the PSM key work processes, operating discipline, or layers of protection that prevent incidents. IndustrySafe's safety dashboard software allows you to easily create and view key safety metrics to help you make informed business decisions. Ensure that the standard identifies leading and lagging indicators for nationwide public reporting as well as indicators for use at individual facilities. Introduction The selection and monitoring of performance indicators, both in a leading focus to monitor the. Elsewhere, Shubhraj highlighted the issue of not confusing personal safety with process safety and called for more attention to be focused on leading rather than lagging indicators and Malavazos outlined a regulator's perspective of the key elements of preventing and reducing the impact of Major Accident Events (MAE's). This starting point for setting either a leading or lagging indicator seems to have been forgotten. The HSE and industry continue to develop such metrics. o Process Safety Events recorded when Loss Of Primary Containment (LOPCs) meet or exceed defined criteria (based on API RP754 ANSI standard) • Tier 3 and 4 KPIs primarily for facility-level reporting o Based on 6 step process to identify critical barriers and assign leading and lagging KPIs to assess barrier strength / weakness (based on UK HSE. is developing leading metrics of safety to predict future performance, rather than only evaluating performance from data on deaths, injuries, spills and releases, the so-called lagging indicators. HSE, Developing Process Safety Indicators, HSG254, 2006. • Leading and lagging indicators. • Process Safety Leading and Lagging Metrics, Centre for Chemical Process Safety (CCPS), revised edition, January 2011; • Process Safety Performance Indicators for the Refining and Petrochemical Industries, American Petroleum Institute (API), RP 754, 1st edition, April 2010; • Process Safety - Recommended Practice on. 0 Determining Leading and Lagging Indicators Process Safety Leading and Lagging Metrics - CCPS - 2011.



mostly composed of lagging indicators based on accidents’ rates and historical data, as requested by authorities. Process (management of change, permit to work, safety critical procedures etc) People (e. Lagging indicators can also be used to strengthen risk and control processes to prevent re-occurrence of the unwanted event. Process Safety Engineer , Durban, Market Related - My client, a leading business services organisation based in Umhlanga, is recruiting for a Process Safety Engineer Overview: Provide technical leadership & support to identify hazards, assess risks & provide business solutions Implementation & contin. Leading indicators require a routine systematic check that key actions or activities are undertaken as intended. Safety News about construction, emergency planning and response, equipment and process safety, hazardous substances and materials, health, personnel safety, safety administration, transportation. The inquiry pointed confusion between personal safety indicators and process safety indicators, and also between lagging indicators and leading indicators. This can be seen in. GRI Indicators 403-103, 403-1, 403-2, 403-3, 403-4. Unfortunately, there are few generally accepted and standardised OSH leading indicators. increasing focus. Typically, they're easy to measure, but hard to influence. This RP identifies leading and lagging process safety indicators useful for driving performance improvement. Developing and providing PSM training and awareness programs for personnel supporting the process. This simplified view of leading and lagging measures betrays the full value the definition can have. Process Safety Leadership • Leadership commitment and responsibility • Workforce Involvement • Expectations. Stationary Sources need to strive to continuously improve their process safety performance; and to accomplish this, Stationary Sources should implement effective leading and lagging process safety metrics in order to assess the status of these various programs and establish a baseline for future improvement. Pipeline Process Safety and UKOPA Benchmarking. The challenge is to ensure you have the correct indicators, and that your management team understands how they can be used to align your business impact zones. While I do not dismiss the importance of the metrics, the problem is that unless the metrics are understood by the board or whoever is interpreting risk through the usage of these metrics, it will just be another non financial number.



In secondary literature a difference is made between leading and lagging safety indicators. These are after the fact measurements such as number of fires, leaks and explosions. This section considers major safety metrics used on both sides of the Atlantic. effectiveness, etc. Both lagging and leading indicators should be used for PSM, especially because you can run correlations between them. Leading indicators give you the ability to predict and prevent injury to your workers, and so are worth investigating. As a framework for measuring activity, status, or performance, this document classifies process safety indicators into four tiers of leading and lagging indicators. Process Safety Management KPIs Across the oil and gas industry, considerable effort has been focused on the prevention of major incidents. They are that defining safety by what it IS NOT (incidents) is counter-intuitive and counter-productive, and instead say safety should be defined more as something like "increasing the organization's capacity for safety. January 2011 5. Process Safety ManagementPROCESS SAFETY INDICATORS CAN DRIVE CHANGE. Leading and lagging indicators both measure outcomes, but leading indicators have predictive power. There is plenty of debate about whether near-miss reports related to workplace safety hazards constitute leading or lagging indicators, but stakeholders agree that the most important issue is the. Occupational & Safety Health Act (OSHA) Process Safety Management (PSM) Standard, 29 CFR1910. • Leading metrics. decisions leading indicators or lagging indicators? Lagging indicators vs. This resulted in choosing 5 RCS and 10 indicators. In the past, the most common way to measure the safety performance of a business was to look at “lagging” indicators. “Process Safety Leading and Lagging Metrics,” Center for Chemical Process Safety, New York City (2007).



English term or phrase: Process Safety Leading and Lagging Metrics Qual seria a tradução correta para essas palavras? sei que "Lagging" seria "Revestimento" mas estou na dúvida quanto a colocação correta da ordem das palavras. CCPS was part of the review panel and worked closely to provide input to the revisions. What you want is to measure both the bottom-line results of safety as well as how well your facility is doing at preventing accidents and incidents. Stationary Sources need to strive to continuously improve their process safety performance; and to accomplish this, Stationary Sources should implement effective leading and lagging process safety metrics in order to assess the status of these various programs and establish a baseline for future improvement. This knowledge will be used to define relevant leading safety indicators and develop. Leading indicators must be looked at in the same context as their counterparts: lagging indicators. One of these dealt with the subject of fatigue risk management and the other, the subject of this paper, process safety performance measurement. In recent decades, leading indicators have become the primary types of safety indicators. This practice includes both lagging and leading process safety metrics to better gauge a company’s performance. This post examines the 3 types of leading indicators defined by the National Safety Council, including operations-based, systems-based and behavior-based indicators. 1 This document is to provide guidance describing methods to evaluate and measure IM program effectiveness. This approach can be problematic for leaders for three reasons. EXECUTE, MONITOR AND SUSTAIN The safety lifecycle can be restated simply through the concept of 1. • Comprehensive reporting of process safety incidents Bottom-up approach àall member companies to report Develop Indicators (PPS KPIs) àindependent of participation (Leading instead of lagging) àdiscover trends Using Resp. Pipeline Process Safety and UKOPA Benchmarking. ” •Although the OSHA process safety standard was issued in 1992, there has been no. Description of Process Safety Leading and Lagging Metric and how to develop process safety KPI (Key Performance Indicator) Understanding of Process safety hazard and the consequence and how to mitigate the event. It is intended to enable companies to establish effective leading and lagging indicators that assess the health of barriers that manage the risk of process-safety events, particularly those that could result in a major. 5% - Develop/Deploy education tools/methods and deliver training.



(2011) and a first international conference on process safety performance indicators was held in Brussels (Cefic and EPSC, 2012). For many companies, lagging indicators are usually the first safety statistics they choose to monitor. What you want is to measure both the bottom-line results of safety as well as how well your facility is doing at preventing accidents and incidents. Assign score of 1, 3, 9, or 27 points in each category per following slide. As a framework for measuring activity, status, or performance, this document classifies process safety indicators into four tiers of leading and lagging indicators. A clear lagging indicator that is easy to measure. 5 Safety Metrics Worth Tracking Every Month. The absence of using these tools would lead to a rise in lagging indicators such as accidents and incidents. Monitoring performance – Leading and Lagging Indicators Leading indicators are pre-incident measurements, as opposed to lagging indicators, which are measurements collected after an incident occurs. These indicators are also the ones that most senior managers are comfortable with — and in some cases, they may be the only indicators that an organization uses to manage its HSE performance. This approach can be problematic for leaders for three reasons. and Aubrey Daniels, Ph. LEADING & LAGGING METRICS 37 Capturing Metrics that Matter to Those who Matter Monthly laggers and leaders • Lagging—Case counts and rates • Leading—CAPA closure rate and near miss incident rate Quarterly leading indicator self assessments • Compliance audit results • “Take5’hazard assessments • Hazardous work permitting. An essential element of any improvement program is the measure of existing and future performance. Where leading indicators are used without lagging indicators a lot of good work can be done, but without being able to show the results. offshore performance and its companies, in lagging and leading focuses, showing a tool to improve Regulator’s overview.



This RP may augment a Company's existing practices and procedures. While I do not dismiss the importance of the metrics, the problem is that unless the metrics are understood by the board or whoever is interpreting risk through the usage of these metrics, it will just be another non financial number. English term or phrase: Process Safety Leading and Lagging Metrics Qual seria a tradução correta para essas palavras? sei que "Lagging" seria "Revestimento" mas estou na dúvida quanto a colocação correta da ordem das palavras. • An employee recognition program that recognizes positive activities that contribute to the improvement of the site’s safety program, such as training. Execute safety lifecycle documentation 2. Once the final document is issued, CCPS plans to review and update the "Process Safety Leading and Lagging Metrics…You Don't Know What You Don't Measure" and align information so that these documents can be used consistently on a global basis. Lagging indicators measure what has already happened, such as accidents and injuries. Establishing industry compliant tolerances, business tolerances, and site specific tolerances and objectives for leading and lagging indicators. Our focus on process safety integrates consistency in operations with reliability of safe systems. Effective support for line management. [emphasis added]” (p. is developing leading metrics of safety to predict future performance, rather than only evaluating performance from data on deaths, injuries, spills and releases, the so-called lagging indicators. Download the Leading and Lagging Indicators: How to Measure Workplace Safety to Reduce Workplace Incidents white paper resource free from Gensuite today!. Organization; Process Safety Career Development and Education; Engineering for Resilience; Case Studies – Histories, Lessons Learned, Databases; Inherently Safer Processes – New Processes, Existing Plants, Man – Machine Interface. In this study, process safety lagging metrics were introduced to describe the contribution of process related parameters in determining the safety performance of an organization. org Process Safety Metrics Reporting. Tier 1 is the most lagging and Tier 4 is the most leading. Had leading and lagging indicators been used then things may have been different.



Are the focused around Lagging indicators or Leading Indicators 7. Selecting the right metrics Top-Bottom; bottom-top alignment ; What metrics should accomplish. Alternatively, leading indicators can enable you to achieve proactive management, continued compliance and substantial savings in time, efficiency and resources. process safety indicators that are currently used in the chemical industry are more focused on lagging as opposed to leading indicators. As a framework for measuring activity, status or performance, this document classifies process safety indicators into four tiers of leading and lagging indicators. 6 | Implementing a Digital Strategy for Improved Environmental, Health and Safety Performance How Accenture Can Help Accenture has deep experience and • capabilities (see Figure 2) helping our clients implement a Digital Strategy for Improved EHS Performance. Leading & lagging KRIs Leading KRIs are measures that are considered predictive in nature. They tell you how well your EHS programs. The reasoning is sound but creating and sustaining metrics for leading safety indicators can be daunting for many. Where leading indicators are used without lagging indicators a lot of good work can be done, but without being able to show the results. Process Safety - Recomended Practice on KPI No. UNDERSTANDING PROCESS SAFETY • What is Process Safety and what are the key elements • Difference between process safety and personal safety • Introducing the concept of leading and lagging indicators for process safety. Leading indicators continue to be a key area of interest at the Campbell Institute due to their potential to give advance warning of safety issues before they can cause harm. Lagging indicators are a form of reactive monitoring requiring the reporting and investigation of. In April 2010, API published API Recommended Practice (RP) 754, Process Safety Performance Indicators for the Refining and Petrochemical Industries. , the extent of employee compliance with a com­pany’s safety standards may correlate with future accident trends). As such, one type of indicator without the other is only half of the story. CCPS, "Process Safety Leading and Lagging Metrics," AIChE, New York, 2007. Historically -- we have used after the fact "trailing indicators" (measuring "failures") Ideal situation is to develop a balanced scorecard of leading and trailing indicators -- the Key is to correlate leading with trailing to measure the effectiveness of your efforts.



The University shall monitor and measure its OHS performance using leading and lagging indicators on a regular basis, including:. Again, recent studies and experiences revealed that relying too much on lagging indicators or personal safety measures i. 0 PROCEDURE. Execute safety lifecycle documentation 2. Leading Indicators: Process or Input Indicators Activity Indicator Critical Process Safety Risk Control System Dual Assurance - leading and lagging indicators measuring performance of each critical element of a Process Safety Management System. Papers that deal with new developments in safety or environmental aspects. Leading metrics are preventive and give early clues to problems that can be corrected before a major process safety incident occurs. Lead investigations on Process safety incidents, either in-house or in Group networks; Provide asset support in the analysis of key Process Safety Leading and Lagging Indicators; Support pre start-up safety reviews following changes to facilities. , – TRIF (Total Recordable Incident Frequency) – Lost-Time Claim Rate – Disabling Injury Rate • Established metrics • Both leading and lagging indicators Process Safety • “Process Safety Metrics”, e. A lagging indicator is equivalent to a rearview mirror; an event has occurred. The Process Safety Leadership Group was a joint industry and regulators group, set up in September 2007 to drive forward high standards in process safety leadership and to complete the implementation of the Buncefield Major Incident Investigation Board's recommendations. This can be seen in. 0 Determining Leading and Lagging Indicators Process Safety Leading and Lagging Metrics - CCPS - 2011. By measuring and identifying appropriate KPIs and monitoring procedures, your plant can begin to close gaps in process safety. When we apply this to safety, Deming would encourage us to focus on measuring and improving the Safety Management System, including employee behaviors, procedures, and equipment design (leading indicators) instead of measuring only incidents and accidents (lagging indicators). Provide examples in your discussion.



They can be considered as measures of process or inputs essential to deliver the desired safety outcome. leading and lagging metrics. The first day of the hearing covered the downstream refining and petrochemical sector. The University shall monitor and measure its OHS performance using leading and lagging indicators on a regular basis, including:. The indicators used to measure the OSH outcomes are often called lagging indicators, and the indicators of inputs and OSH activities are leading indicators. Process Safety Policy. to advance the state of knowledge and practice regarding the use of leading indicators to improve environmental, health and safety (EHS) performance. Occupational & Safety Health Act (OSHA) Process Safety Management (PSM) Standard, 29 CFR1910. May 2011 Further information from: Lee Allford: lallford -epsc@icheme. ) certainly meets the definition of major incident, but the user may elect to define it as severity. As a framework for measuring activity, status or performance, this document classifies process safety indicators into four tiers of leading and lagging indicators. These are different than lagging indicators, which are statistics that result from safety incidents that did result in injury. There is plenty of debate about whether near-miss reports related to workplace safety hazards constitute leading or lagging indicators, but stakeholders agree that the most important issue is the. Pipeline Process Safety and UKOPA Benchmarking. Lagging indicators measure the outcome of a process, after the fact. leading and lagging indicators with established causal links between Developing Process Safety.



2 Leading indicators are determined by predicting future safety incidents and lagging indicators are based on safety results. • Focus on infrequent, lagging indicators • Need for leading indicators to proactively measure safety system performance before an incident occurs • API SEMP RP 75 addresses offshore performance measures in an optional appendix that focus on personal safety or infrequent lagging events 38. A lagging indicator is anything that has already happened. The best way to properly evaluate your performance based safety program is through a Process Safety Performance Indicators Audit. recordable and lost-time injuries) to leading indicators (e. four tier model for process safety KPIs, including the more leading indicators at the Tier 3 and Tier 4 (T3 and T4) levels 3) Concepts - three concepts underpin the guidance in this report: 3. Historically, many organizations have focused the majority of their reporting on lagging indicators, like incidents and near misses - which is a great starting point. By understanding the IRS and the difference between Leading & Lagging indicators we can see how they can relate. As a framework for measuring activity, status or performance, this document classifies process safety indicators into four tiers of leading and lagging indicators. This simplified view of leading and lagging measures betrays the full value the definition can have. They act as a report card to assess how well your. , the extent of employee compliance with a com­pany’s safety standards may correlate with future accident trends). Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Risk Management Program (RMP) Rule, 40 CFR 68, established to reduce chemical accidents and manage the release of highly hazardous flammable and. Lagging indicators show when a desired safety outcome has failed, or has not been achieved. For additional guidance on developing process safety metrics, please refer to: • ANSI/API RP 754, Process Safety Performance Indicators for the Refining and Petrochemical Industries, Second Edition. Health and safety metrics are divided into three groups: lagging, current, and leading. Wherever possible leading metrics should be established since they represent forward looking indicators of processes, operating discipline or layers of protection that prevent incidents. Process Safety Leading And Lagging Metrics.